Interior design is based on the nature of the use of the building, the environment and the corresponding standards, the use of physical and technological means and architectural aesthetic principles, to create a functional, comfortable and beautiful, to meet people’s physical and spiritual life needs of the indoor environment.
This space environment not only has the use value, satisfies the corresponding functional requirements, but also reflects the spiritual factors such as historical context, architectural style, and environmental atmosphere. The purpose of interior design is to “create an indoor environment that satisfies people’s material and spiritual needs.” That is to say, people-oriented and all-around living activities for people create a beautiful indoor environment. When designing ideas, it is necessary to apply physical and technical means, that is, all kinds of decorative materials, facilities and equipment, etc.
This is easy to understand; it also needs to follow the principle of architectural aesthetics, because of the artistic nature of interior design, in addition to paintings, sculptures and other arts. In addition to the common aesthetic rules, as the “architectural aesthetics”, it is necessary to comprehensively consider the use of functions, structural construction, materials and equipment, and cost standards.
Architectural aesthetics is always linked with practical, technical and economic factors. This is different from the pure art of painting and sculpture. Ecological architecture has become a hot topic in current architecture research. With the development of the country’s economic life, interior decoration design has gone deep into the preparation of various types of buildings. The wood used in interior design has also involved steel and non-ferrous metals, chemicals, textiles, wood, ceramics, plastics, glass and other industries.
In fact, interior design. Various environmental and social problems arising from construction and use, if not solved and directed in a timely manner, may lead to the destruction of the ecology and the environment: “diseases”, making it more difficult to manage the environment. From the current domestic overall situation. The problems reflected can be summarized in four aspects. First, there is a general tendency for young people to pursue “luxury”, “novel”, “fashionable” and “graceful”. In certain interior designs, excessive use of stainless steel, aluminum plates, copper strips, plastics, glass, nylon, wood, grinding Light stone, marble board and other materials.
Not only is it used extensively in the interior decoration of large public buildings, but even in some so-called luxury houses, marble plates are used to decorate the walls, and stainless steel is used to wrap tweezers. Extensive use of non-renewable precious decoration materials is extremely detrimental to the sustainable development of the construction industry. Although this is a small number of cases in interior design, it is indeed a trend that is worth the attention of the indoor industry.
Second, there are a large number of synthetic chemical materials used in modern interior decoration. A considerable part of these materials contain substances harmful to human life. These substances will be emitted for a long time in use. Not only does the pungent odor pollute the indoor air, it also affects people’s health, causing some people’s body allergies and suffering from the so-called “hospital syndrome.”
Third, due to the “timeliness” of interior decoration, the building decoration materials whose interior decoration is being dismantled during the process of constant renewal are discarded as construction waste due to non-recyclable recycling and become a source of environmental pollution.
Fourth, the interior design is only seen as the use of decorative materials, as a form of decoration in the interior space. The reorganization and composition of proportions, colors and symbols ignore the technical connotation of interior design. Such as the use of natural light in interior design, the combination of design and natural ventilation, the creation of green landscape in interior design, the use of ecological building materials in interior design, and so on.
In the modern interior design, a large amount of artificial lighting and artificial air-conditioning isolate the connection between people and nature. It not only consumes a large amount of energy, but also creates “air-conditioning diseases” that endanger human health. The term “sustainable development” was first proposed by some developed countries in Europe in the mid-1980s. In May 1989, UNEP developed the “Statement on sustainable development” and proposed that “sustainable development means meeting current needs.” Without undermining the development of the ability of future generations to meet their needs.” In 1993, UNESCO and the International Association of Architects jointly held the world’s largest “Design for a Sustainable Future”.